BIARRITZ, coastal town in southwestern France. The Jewish community dates to the beginning of the 17th century. In 1619, after disorders in St. Jean-de-Luz, many marranos left that town to settle in Biarritz; according to the contemporary Pierre l'Ancre they numbered 2,000. In the census of Jews taken in 1942, 168 families were registered in Biarritz. The present synagogue, built in 1904, contains the Torah scrolls, the Ark, and the silver candelabrum from the former synagogue of Peyrehorade. In 1968, the Biarritz community had 150 members, many of whom originated from North Africa. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roth, Marranos, 223ff.; Laborde, in: Le Républicain du Sud Ouest (1963); Loeb, in: REJ, 22 (1891), 111; Z. Szajkowski, Analytical Franco-Jewish Gazetteer (1966), 241. (Roger Berg)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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